21 Nov 2003
1595: One fleet sailed. Four ships started; three returned after visiting Java and Bali; the ship Amsterdam was deliberately set on fire near Bawean in eastern Java.
1598: Five fleets sailed. Three took the eastern route via the Cape of Good Hope:
Two fleets took the western route via the Strait of Magellan:
From 1599, Dutch fleets or single ships sailed almost every year for Asia. In the first half of the 17th century, only two more fleets sailed via the Strait of Magellan (van Spilbergen 1614/1615 and Nassausche vloot 1623/1624)
In 1615/1616 two Dutch ships sailed to find an alternative to the Strait of Magellan, to break the VOC monopoly. One ship reached Ternate in Sept 1616: probably the first ship to round Cape Horn, and certainly the first documented.
Bruijn, J. R. Gaastra, F. S. en Schoeffer, I. - Dutch Asiatic Shipping in the 17th and 18th centuries
Vol I : Introductory volume; RGP grote serie nr. 165; The Hague 1987,
Vol II : Outward bound voyages from the Netherlands to Asia and the Cape (1595-1794); RGP grote serie nr. 166; The Hague 1979
Vol III : Homeward-bound voyages from Asia and the Cape to the Netherlands (1597-1795) RGP grote serie nr. 167; The Hague 1979
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